EBERS’ TC3 mechanical stimulation bioreactor

EBERS’ TC3 mechanical stimulation bioreactor

The most prevalent approach to cartilage tissue engineering involves the combination of chondrocytes (or mesenchymal progenitor cells) with scaffolds (fibrous meshes or hydrogels) for long-term culture. The adoption of a suitable culture system for chondrocytes is critical, since, for example, chondrocytes have been hown to lose their phenotype in monolayer culture after being passaged. Nevertheless, chondrocytes are able to proliferate in three-dimensional culture system without henotype loss.

Figure 1.TC-3 bioreactor

At the same time, mechanical stress is an important modulator of  ondrocyte physiology, and there is significant evidence that controlled application of biophysical stimuli within bioreactors may be used to improve or accelerate tissue regeneration and repair in vitro. Explant models of cartilage loading have been utilized in a number of different loading configurations, including unconfined compression, indentation, tension, and osmotic and hydrostatic pressure. The general consensus of these studies is that static compression suppresses matrix biosynthesis, and cyclic and intermittent loading timulate chondrocyte metabolism. These responses have been reported over a wide ange of loading magnitudes, and exhibit a stress-dose dependency. Excessive loading (e.g., high magnitude, long duration) seem to have a deleterious ffect, resulting in cell death, tissue disruption, and swelling.

In order to assist researchers to establish how changing mechanical, chemical and biological regulating factors influence cellular activity in vitro, EBERS has  developed the TC-3 bioreactor (Fig. 1), a simple system suitable for cell culture under mechanical loading profiles.

EBERS’ TC3 mechanical stimulation bioreactor

The TC-3 is a simple and multipurpose cell culture bioreactor designed to provide mechanical stimulation to a variety of samples and tissues. Culture chambers (Fig. 2) are made of autoclavable materials and can be easily assembled and disassembled. Furthermore, visual inspection of the chambers by microscopy techniques is allowed by an optical grade window glass at the bottom of the chamber. Three different models of interchangeable grips can be used with the TC-3 chambers. They have been designed to adapt to the most different types of samples and loading conditions, so the optimal grip conditions are obtained for plane sheet-shaped, rod-shaped or cylinder-shaped substrates.

Up to three chambers can be actuated simultaneously in the TC-3 bioreactor. Tension or compression axial loading conditions will be shared by all the chambers,
whereas different culture conditions regarding the culture media may be established for each chamber. The TC-3 can be configured both in horizontal and vertical configurations: air-liquid interfaces can be obtained with the horizontal configuration for cultures on sheet-like substrates, whereas the vertical configuration is  ore suitable for tests in which the sample is subjected to compression like, e.g., cultures on cylinder-shaped scaffolds

The TC-3 is computer operated by a simple control software that allows the user to create complex loading profiles to be applied on the culture samples.


Figure 2. TC-3 chambers

Cartilage culture: Experimental setup and conditions

In order to evaluate the influence of physiologic deformational loading, as part of the culture environment, on the development of cartilage tissue engineered  constructs, an experiment was performed in which PGA scaffolds (6mm diameter x 4 mm thickness) were first dynamically seeded with human chondrocytes (107 cells/scaffold) using the TEB1000 Master Unit and P3D disposable chambers from EBERS and later cultured under mechanical stimulation by means of the TC-3 bioreactor.

Intermittent unconfined direct compression (0.5 Hz, 5% compressive strain amplitude) was carried out for up to 3 weeks using a loading regime of 1 hour duration each day and release of all loading at the end of the daily treatment period. A group of constructs was cultured under continuous low speed perfusion and served as unloaded control. Both groups of scaffolds were grown under 37°C and 5% CO2. After harvest from the bioreactors, all tissue constructs were weighed and divided into several sections for biochemical, histological and mechanical analyses.


Biological results and discussion

Histology of cartilage loaded constructs shows a rich deposition of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) with cells located in lacunae. Compared with simply perfused control cultures without loading, mechanical treatment improved the amount and quality of cartilage produced. GAG and collagen type II fractions were enhanced by up to 42% and 181%, respectively. Equilibrium moduli of unloaded and loaded constructs were respectively 52 kPa and 194 kPa (Fig. 3).


Figure 3. Effects of culture conditions on engineered cartilage: equilibrium modulus and GAG fraction of constructs

Conclusion and outlook

The results of this study demonstrate that intermittent mechanical stimulation can increase collagen and GAG synthesis and, when applied over a 4-week period, can as well improve the material properties of the developed tissue. Interestingly, only short periods of mechanical stimulation (1 hour per day) were needed to affect the quality of cartilaginous tissue formed in vitro. Despite the absence of direct perfusion, no signs of insufficient mass transfer were observed in loaded scaffolds. Enhanced transport during compression due to dynamic pressure gradients could explain this fact.

The TC-3 bioreactor is the perfect tool for cell and tissue culture experiments that require direct mechanical stimulation of the sample. Its versatile design
permits to perform tensile and compression experiments of different types of samples, enjoying the advantages of a specific design for cell culture: small
volume, sample visualization, multi-chamber system, and simple control software.


Influence of Dynamic Compression on Articular

Tissue engineering of cartilage

The main goal of tissue engineering is to create artificial constructs that could repair or simply replace lost or damaged tissue. Common tissue engineering strategies involve the extraction of cells from a small biopsy of tissue for in vitro expansion. This culture can be carried out in a three dimensional (3D) scaffold that allows and induces the formation of new tissue after implantation. Furthermore, the in vitro creation of an efficient construct can be improved by applying certain stimuli that can elicit specific responses to the cells.

One of thetissues whose regeneration raises more interest is cartilage. Articular cartilage is a specialized form of hyaline cartilage that covers the articulating ends of bones and serves as a wear-resistant, friction-reducing surface that evenly distributes forces onto the bone. Since chondrocytes do not sustain a healing response, injuries to the articular surface generally remain permanent. This poor intrinsic healing capacity has been described for centuries, and continues to be a problem today. Tissue engineering may be a solution to assist the healing process.

However, tissue engineers face major challenges in repairing or replacing tissues that serve a predominantly biomechanical function. For example, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and dental systems are accustomed to being mechanically challenged, and thus tissue-engineered constructs used to replace these tissues after injury or disease must certainly do the same. This requires that each construct satisfies critical requirements in terms of structure, composition and mechanical properties before implantation. In vitro mechanical stimulation of cell-matrix implants is used for this purpose.

Peculiarities of cartilage culture

3D cell culture poses specific problems that are hard to face with conventional techniques and equipment. Long-term 3D cultures typically end with poor results when performed under static conditions. Thus, one critical aspect is to obtain adequate distributions of nutrients and oxygen across the whole volume of the sample. Adding to the challenge is the fact that the quirements involved in tissue engineering experiments do vary significantly among applications. In terms of automation, this results in the demand for very versatile equipments with a modular rchitecture, that permits to work with multiple samples in parallel in a number of different applications. Further issues concern the automation and standardization of important processes such as cell seeding or the application of mechanical stimulation.

For more information, don´t hesitate to contact with us.

Inycom distribuye las bombas de vacío de WELCH-ILMVAC

Inycom ha llegado a un acuerdo con  WELCH-ILMVAC para distribuir sus bombas de vacío en España.

Entre otros, Inycom distribuirá rotavapores, bombas de vacío de aceite, bombas turbomoleculares,  de pistón seco, bombas de diafragma de vacío, y sistemas especializados de aspiración y filtración a vacío así como componentes y aplicaciones.

Las bombas de vacío son utilizadas mundialmente en laboratorios de producción y de investigación así como en laboratorios industriales ya que son múltiples las
aplicaciones en las que están presentes vapores de agua, grasas, ácidos, líquidos y otros tantos componentes que han de ser tratados.

Algunas referencias que Inycom comercializará en España son:

  • Bombas rotatorias.
    Poseen alta tolerancia al vapor de agua, y son ideales para su uso en el laboratorio.
  • Bombas de diafragma.- Químicamente resistentes contra disolventes agresivos y vapores ácidos. Sus cabezales y conexiones son de fibra de carbono reforzado para proporcionar conductividad eléctrica y prevenir cargas electrostáticas.
  • Bombas turbomoleculares.
    Preparadas para funcionar en seco, que impiden que el vacío se contamine con grasas, aceites o productos de descomposición.
  • Sistemas de aspiración y filtración a vacío.- “Biovac 106” es un sistema de aspiración de líquidos biológicos portátil, seguro y preciso.
  • Destilación/sublimación.- El sistema de destilación Hold Back ofrece un proceso de destilación completamente automático, sin necesidad de ajuste manual.


Si te interesa este tema o quieres mñas informacón, contacta conmigo:


Hasta pronto!!


Inycom distribuye en España los Baños de Ultrasonido de Elma

A través del acuerdo alcanzado, Inycom comercializará la amplia gama de productos de limpieza por ultrasonidos de la empresa alemana ELMA.

Inycom distribuirá en España la gama de baños de ultrasonido , desde la línea más multifuncional hasta la tecnológicamente más moderna, que se caracteriza por disponer de un amplio rango de volúmenes, con opción de desgasificación, tipos de Display y variedad de accesorios según la aplicación.

Como seguramente sabrás se trata de productos que combinan diseño y tecnología y que cubren todas las necesidades de ultrasonidos en las áreas científicas e industriales.

Esta e una gama de producto conequipos de gran fiabilidad y robustez, con prestaciones muy brillantes, de uso común en el laboratorio y con un precio muy competitivo.

Puedes descargar catálogos e información en:


Para precios o cualquier duda en relación con esta línea de producto puedes contactar directamente conmigo:


Desde el punto de vista de soporte, además de conmigo cuentas con todo el respaldo del equipo de Inycom Analítica,
por lo que no puedes estar en mejores manos.

Espero que esta gama de producto sea de tu interés.


Contador Automático de Células, LUNA de Logos Biosystems

De nuevo para presentaros una nueva representada: LOGOS BIOSYSTEMS.

Y un nuevo producto: Contador Automatico de Células LUNA.

Dispone de pantalla táctil desde donde se controlan todas las funciones del equipo y donde se pueden visualizar:

  • Las  células de la muestra en tiempo real
  • Los  resultados del contaje
  • Los  gráficos generados.
  • Las  imágenes generadas
  • Los  parámetros programados.


  • Tiempo  de medida: 7 segundos.
  • Volumen  de muestra necesario: 10 ul.
  • Rango  de concentración de células: 5×104 hasta 1×107 células/ml.
  • Rango  de tamaño de las células medidas: 3 a 60 um.
  • Ajuste del contaje en función del tamaño celular.
  • Obtención del cálculo de la dilución de la muestra.
  • Cálculo del tamaño mínimo, tamaño máximo, tamaño medio y distribución.

Parámetros medidos:

  • Número  de células
  • Tamaño  de células (distribución)
  • Concentración celular.
  • Viabilidad celular.
  • Diferenciación entre células individuales y células agrupadas.
  • Discriminación de restos celulares.
  • Histogramas.

Como siemrpe, desde hace mas de 30 años, Inycom pretende estar a la vanguardia del desarrollo tecnológico para poderlo ofrecer a sus clientes.

Cualuiqer información adicional, contad con nosotros.Tenemos un equipo liso para que puedas probarlo.

Luis de Miguel


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